important Abolitionists

Describe the Abolitionist Movement and its degree of success. Include three important Abolitionists and their particular roles in the movement.
 Your essay should be at least 5 paragraphs long and follow this format: -INTRODUCTION (1 paragraph) / three to five sentences *including an opening sentence, thesis and map sentence(s) -MAIN BODY (3 or more paragraphs) / five sentences or more -CONCLUSION (1 paragraph) / three to five sentences


Slavery commenced in British North America in the year 1619. The abolition movement
started in America from the late 1600s through the end of the American civil war aiming to end
the slavery practice in Northern America. The leaders of the abolition movement campaign that
took place from 1830 to 1870 mimicked the tactics used by British abolitionists to end slavery in
Great Britain (Steve 32). The divisive nature of the movement resulted in a civil war that
eventually resulted at the end of slavery in America.
A well-known African American Abolitionist was Fredrick Douglass. He had been in slavery,
which he later escaped when he was 21 years and moved to Massachusetts. He could read and
write. In the year 1841, he started speaking to people about the slavery experience He was a
gifted orator and people doubted whether he was born a slave (Steve 48). He was eloquent but
did not reveal his name. He was afraid that he could be captured and taken back to slavery.
People lived believing he was a free man and not a slave as he had been claiming. Douglass
moved to England where some abolitionists bought his freedom(51). He was therefore allowed to
go back to Northern America. While in North America, he started publishing an antislavery
magazine. The magazine was entitled NORTH STAR. Douglass motivated all African
Americans who never imagined that African Americans could co-exist freely with other

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Americans. Martin R Delaney was also an African American who quit his publishing work and
joined Douglass. Delaney was not a slave but he at one point qualified to join Harvard Medical
School. He qualified and joined. Later on, the white students petitioned to have all black students
removed from school. During the civil war, slavery ended and Delaney was able to join the
American army(52).
Harriet Tubman was also actively leading slaves to freedom. She escaped from bondage after
several years of slavery. After the escape, she made frequent trips to Dixie intending to help
other slaves. She managed to rescue about 300 slaves. After the rescue, she began warning those
she had assisted that they should not turn back (Steve 38). Turning back was betraying her and
she promised to shoot anyone that betrayed her. She was an agent working for the Underground
Railroad. The slaves could use this secret run away as their escape route. Slaves who escaped
were transported by the use of the Underground Railroad. The trip led them to Canada. When
they reached Canada, they did not have the fear of being taken captive again (39).
Harriet Beecher Stowe was an abolitionist and author. She came across many slaves who had
escaped. She was living in Cincinnati and she wrote the famous book Uncle Tom’s cabin.The
book had highly dramatic scenes. This includes a slave called Eliza escaping with her baby
across river Ohio. She alighted and peached on ice. When her weight overcame the Ice, she
moved from one ice-stone to another. Her shoes were gone and her stockings cut. She managed
to cross the river and on nearing the bank, a certain man helped her up. Stowe‘s novel gained
popularity in the north. It was banned in the south. The book added sense to the existing
abolition movement after the cold war Abraham Lincoln met Stowe and commented, “so she was
the woman who started the big war.”(Duberman 688).

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Anti-slavery activists suggested colonialism as a safe way to end the slavery practices in
Northern America. They thought that establishing American colonies in Africa would help free
slaves. After the post-colonization, there was an increase in the number of black slaves in
America. The abolitionists thought this could have been a good excuse to free slaves back to
Africa. There was a good excuse to reduce the population of black people in America (Steve36).
However, abolitionists identified this as a hoax that was meant to support racism. This was an
idea of anti-black rather than anti-slavery. This was one of the reasons that led to the cold war.
The cold war ended slavery of the back people.
Anti-slavery movements helped reform American society. .it enabled the Americans to be
aware of ethics such as education reform, temperance, upholding women's rights, and the end of
slavery. It helped Americans realize that ethics can still be upheld regardless of where the race,
sex, and social class of a person. This brought a redemption of the morals of American society
to a greater deal. This was among the greatest movements in America run by black activists to
end slavery and discrimination of the black American people (Duberman 688). The abolition
movement was successful in many ways. It allowed American women to be actively involved in
social matters. Previously women did not have a say in society. They were seen as inferior. More
radical reformers stepped forth advocating for the rights of women (Sean 255). Supporters of
women's rights like Garrison argued that women were created as equals to men and therefore
they have a chance of equally contributing to matters affecting society. When slavery was
abolished, black women therefore also had a say in matters that concerned the society.
In the 1850s, the movement faced challenges. The government required that all slaves who
had escaped should be recovered. There was the threat of American citizens facing persecution if
they could not recover the slaves. If any of the slaves were recovered, they could not face a just

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trial because they seemed to challenge the law. The trial of certain slaves triggered opposition
from North American parts. The war that was upcoming in America in 1861, made the abolition
movement more energetic (249). The men and women were determined to ensure slavery was
ended and black Americans received the right treatment as an equal human being as the white.
Abolitionists were determined in achieving their goal even though there was some little division
facing the group (Sean 243). The civil war that was upcoming for them signified the long walk to
freedom. By the end of the civil war, slavery successfully concluded.
The practice of slavery is one of the most shameful acts in humankind's history. Almost every
continent can trace back to times where slavery was rampant. Enslaved Africans were used to
supply labor to American nations. The abolitionist movement in North America marked an end
to the era of slavery in America. This end was achieved after taking part in the civil war that took
place in America. Antislavery movements have succeeded in emphasizing equality and
campaigned against women's discrimination in society.

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Works Cited"The Abolition Movement." Iowa Department of Human Rights | We Grow
Breyman, Steve. "Movement Origins." Movement Genesis, 2019, pp. 32-59.
Griffin, Sean. "Antislavery Utopias: Communitarian Labor Reform and the Abolitionist
Movement." The Journal of the Civil War Era, vol. 8, no. 2, 2018, pp. 243-268.
Hyman, Harold M., and Martin Duberman. "The Antislavery Vanguard: New Essays on the
Abolitionists." The American Historical Review, vol. 71, no. 2, 8 Nov. 2020, p. 688.
National Geographic Society. "Abolition and the Abolitionists." National Geographic Society,
20 June 2019,
The Anti-slavery Reporter. 1969.