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Health promotion is an essential part of nursing. Through health promotion, patients suffering from chronic diseases can be able to cope with the illness. Diabetes is one of the chronic illnesses that records a high percentage of patients, especially from the ageing population (Pham & Ziegert, 2016). It is a disease that results in high blood sugar. People who have diabetes have difficulty producing insulin in their bodies, or their bodies fail to utilize it efficiently. This paper will look into three ways in which to promote the health of a patient who has diabetes and the family dealing with the special illness.
The health of patients with diabetes can be promoted by educating patients and relatives. They require education from nurses on maintaining difficult lifestyle changes. Patients who have diabetes need encouragement to maintain a healthy diet and engage in physical activity. Family of the patient can promote the health of the patient by changing their diet (Kaakinen e al., 2018). The patient can also be encouraged to follow their prescriptions and follow the doctor’s advice. The family dealing with the special illness can also be educated on the health of the patient and self-care. According to Martire & Helgeson (2017), family members are influential in managing the chronic illness of the patient. Therefore, they require the proper education on how to assist the patient manage the disease, such as the patient adhering to medical regiments.
Creating a positive relationship with the patient can promote the health of the patient. It is essential to practice personalized, patient-centred psychological care through effective communications and interaction (Young-Hyman, 2016). Having a close relationship with the patient makes it possible to connect to the patient and facilitate communication. Through such a positive relationship with the patient, it is possible to understand the mental and physical health conditions of the patient, which makes it easier to address each needs to promote health. The right approach can also be taken on how to deal with family members. It includes how they can play a part in promoting the health of the patient.
Supporting the patient to take part in their social context can promote health (Pham & Ziegert, 2016). it involves encouraging the patient to get close to the community and engage in conversations with other patients who are suffering from diabetes. The patient will be able to take part in activities that allow them to be active such as joining clubs. Such clubs can bring together diabetes patients and engage in conversations that will give them hope and encouragement as they continue with their treatment. Support from society therefore plays a vital role in health promotion. Relatives can also be encouraged to engage the patient to take part in activities within the community to promote the health of the patient. Families of patients who have diabetes can also participate in social activities alongside the patient, especially since most of the diabetic patients are the elderly.
In conclusion, nurses play an essential role in health promotion of patients suffering from chronic illnesses. Health promotion in a patent suffering from diabetes is essential to ensure that the patient records and improvement in their health. The families of patients with diabetes require proper education since they spend most of the time with the patient. Because most diabetic patients are the elderly, relatives require guidance on how to promote the health of the patient. Diabetic patients, as well as their families, need encouragement and support to cope with the illness. It is also important to create a positive relationship with the patient for effective health promotion. For diabetic patients, it is vital to maintain a healthy diet and engage in physical activities.
Kaakinen, J. R., Coehlo, D. P., Steele, R., & Robinson, M. (2018). Family health care nursing: Theory, practice, and research. ISBN 978-0803661660. F.A.Davis Company, 2018, 6th edition.
Martire, L. M., & Helgeson, V. S. (2017). Close relationships and the management of chronic illness: Associations and interventions. American Psychologist, 72(6), 601.
Pham, L., & Ziegert, K. (2016). Ways of promoting health to patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease from a nursing perspective in Vietnam: A phenomenographic study. International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being, 11(1), 30722.
Young-Hyman, D., De Groot, M., Hill-Briggs, F., Gonzalez, J. S., Hood, K., & Peyrot, M. (2016). Psychosocial care for people with diabetes: a position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes care, 39(12), 2126-2140.