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A person reaction to their environmental surroundings, positive or negative, is the considered their attitude. Kassin et al. (2017) explain that when social psychologist studies attitudes, they are looking for what the attitude is, where it comes from, how it can be measured, how can it be changed, and the link between the attitude and one behavior. Kassin et al. (2017) describe the link between attitude and behavior using the theory of planned behavior which is based on a specific behavior combined with subjective norms and perceived control influences the behavior. Other links to how the strength of one’s attitude will influence one’s behavior can be affected by social factors and persuasion of others around them.
A study conducted by Pfundmair, Aydin, and Frey (2017) looked at how socially excluded individuals carried attitudes regardless of any persuasion by others. Levine and Strube (2012) study researched college students attitude toward the environment which was based on their intentions and behavior. Majority of individuals are happy about their environment and have a positive attitude. Levine and Strube (2012) believe that implicit attitudes, exist outside of conscious awareness and control and can influence behavior independently of explicit attitudes. A person immediate reaction to something occurring in their life, positive or negative, is their implicate attitude and seen as an attitude that is hard to express. Levine and Strube (2012) define explicit attitude as is an individual’s general belief in their environment.
Kassin, S., Fein, S. & Markus, H. R. (2017). Social Psychology (10th ed.). Retrieved from: https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781337509541/cfi/6/10!/4/54/6/10/2@0:27.1
Levine, D. S., & Strube, M. J. (2012). Environmental Attitudes, Knowledge, Intentions and Behaviors Among College Students. Journal Of Social Psychology, 152(3), 308-326. doi:10.1080/00224545.2011.604363
Pfundmair, M., Aydin, N., & Frey, D. (2017). Whatever? the effect of social exclusion on adopting persuasive messages. The Journal of Social Psychology, 157(2), 181-193. doi:http://dx.doi.org.library.capella.edu/10.1080/0022…
PSY 7520- Social Psychology U7D1- Attitude and Behavior
Differentiate and critique the factors that influence the link between attitudes and behavior and provide an example.
According to Postmus et al (2011) reviewed the experiential learning theory that stipulated that one grows through experiences that shape and individuals learning process. This theory is based on cognitive behavior psychology from the works of Dewey, Lewin and Piaget. Through concrete or abstract conceptualization, knowledge can form with collaboration of having an experience and a reflective observation. This learning style influences behaviors and the thought is it becomes a lifestyle that is influenced by social identity.
Postmus et al (2011) describe the importance of education, training and personal and professional experiences influences studentsâ€™ attitudes, beliefs and behaviors towards survivors of violence. The study they conducted on 283 college students between the ages of 21-30 reported how education and /or training decreases studentâ€™s blaming attitudes. Direct personal experience did not show any significance. Professional experience and indirect personal experience were found to predict screening behavior strongly disagreeing with blaming behavior. The importance of social workers to have the training, screening ability, assessment and apply proper intervention when working with this population is imperative so that re-victimization does not occur.
Glassman and Albarracin (2006) completed a meta-analysis to examine the influence of factors on present time attitude that guides future behavior. They discovered that attitudes correlated with future behavior more strongly when they could easily recall and was stable over time. An example would be vaccinations, if the message is to report the benefits, then more people overtime will accept to receive it.
Social psychologist has discussed attitude-behavior relationships for years (Glassman & Albarracin, 2006). In addition to the above findings, meta-analysis integrates memory-based and online processes in a comprehensive, theoretical interpretation of the attitude and behavior process (Glassman & Albarracin, 2006). The study also reported that expressing attitudes repeatedly and direct experience influence attitude-behavior relations. Being motivated to think about an object also promotes attitudes associated with one-sided and behavior-relevant information will strengthen the attitude relation.
Lee and Wu (2018) in response to bullying behavior of students in same or different schools either on campus or on campus, individuals or groups and all-inclusive behaviors that has an intent to harm either psychologically, physically or possessions that would include interference of normal learning. Specific to cyber bullying, the results demonstrated that attitudes towards cyber bullying affected cyber bullying intention and that intention also influenced cyber bullying behavior. Social influence also had an impact on cyber bullying intention and behavior. The study found that intention was a mediator between attitude and behavior as well as social influence and behavior.
In my experience, once a child or student has access to technology, they more than likely directly or indirectly experience cyber bullying, It is important to constantly raise the awareness and provide education and training regarding safe behavior for students that should be reviewed throughout the year with students by: teachers, administration and parent populations. It is nice to see media taking a stand with commercials on television or on radio. By talking about safe behaviors, accountability and using appropriate social skills will support our community to be a stronger community.
Glassman, L.R. & Albarracin, D. (2006). Forming attitudes that predict future behavior: a meta-
analysis of the attitude-behavior relation. Psychological Bulletin, 132(5), 778-822 doi:10.1037/0033-2909.132.5.778
Lee, Y., & Wu, W. (2018). Factors in cyber bullying: the attitude-social influence-efficacy
model. Anales de psicologia, 34(2), 324-331.