Criminology – Criminal justice

uestion 1

I need help with answering the question it

Support which juvenile justice intervention strategy would be effective to counter the crime or criminal justice issue based on your research?

  • Conclude with a summary of which concept (treatment or punishment) best supports the over arching concept of social justice?

question 2

Assignment Steps

Choose an organization at which you have worked or with which you are familiar.

Examine the type of change experienced (current or past employer or a company that your facilitator approves). This is an organization you will be using throughout the entire class.

Reflect on how the leadership introduced/announced the change and the reason for the change.

You are asked to write a APA paper that covers the following. Include a graphic that illustrates your analysis of the change.

  • Identify the type of change
  • Explain how the change was communicated
  • Identify which leaders were involved in the communication
  • Identify the change model (if possible)

Format your assignment consistent with APA guidelines.



Question one

a). Juvenile intervention and prevention strategy

Criminal justice is an institution of the government and a system of practices that are
directed to detecting and mitigating crime, upholding social control or sanction to the
lawbreakers with rehabilitation efforts and criminal penalties. The government should put
various strategies to reduce the cases of criminal justices. One of the strategies that may be
applicable is coming up with prevention programs that reinforce and strengthen existing
community institutions that assist kids to stay out of crime or trouble ("Juvenile Crime and
Justice," 2011). The government can use ways like introducing programs to schools where the
rate of juvenile delinquency is high, expand the programs of parental training, adding and
increasing mentoring programs, improving policy programs in communities with high crime
rates and allowing the law enforcement officials to act as truancy officers.
b). Treatment and punishments

The government can use alternative sections for juveniles. These alternatives may include
youth detention for a maximum of two years, custody orders and child protection which involves
counseling to the children under detention, behavioral program orders which will require training
sessions that will help the children stay away from the criminal cases such as drug abuse and
The treatment and punishment for the juvenile social crime are that children under 12
years should not be prosecuted. If the children of under that age commit a minor offense, the
police should talk to the parents or either send the children to the office of youth care where they
will be given counseling or refer them to other services. Also, the court can come in if the child
gets out of hand and appoint a supervisor in the family to monitor the child.

Another treatment program is the use of HALT juvenile crime prevention program. This
program provides the child with the opportunity to correct what they had done wrong. For
example, they can pay for the damage done and apologize to the victims for any damage incurred
("Juvenile Crime and Justice," 2011). If the children complete the HALT program and fulfill
their obligation, they become free of the criminal record. However, if the children refuse to fill
out the program, their case is forwarded to the public prosecutor, and this will lead to

Question two

Change and how it was communicated

I remember this processing company that used to process bread undergoing a
technological change in all of its processes. The company wanted to eliminate or minimize
manual labor as much as it can. The change was communicated to both internal and external
stakeholders using different communication means. For the internal stakeholders such as
employees, the management used Memos and organization meeting where it explained the needs
and reasons for the change. The main reason was to enhance effectiveness and efficiency beside
improving the quality. To the external stakeholders such as suppliers and customers, the
organization used emails and mass media to reach the highest number of stakeholders.



Time (in years)

A Graph showing impact of technological advancement
to an organisation over time.

There was a list of leaders who were involved starting from the top management to the
supervisors. For a change to be effective, it must be accepted and supported by all stakeholders
of the organization starting with the directors. The Chief Executive Officer was on the front line
to insist the need for change working together with the Information and Communication
department manager (Lawrence, 2015). The quality control manager was also included,
marketing manager to add on the customer expectation among others.
The model of change used by the organization

The organization used a model that was similar to Kotter’s 8-step change model.
According to Kotter, the first step is to create the need for change, then form a powerful
coalition for change which is referred to as "change group." This coalition should cut across all
the departments of the organization (Lawrence, 2015). The group then created a vision for
change which involves identifying the values and strategies for change and communicated it to
all stakeholders. The team expressed this vision and needs for change using top manager who is
valued in the company. The company then identified its obstacles and removed them. It involves
putting in place a well-drafted structure for change and continuously checking for barriers. It

may include empowering the employees, motivating them using strategies like reward systems,
identify people who are resisting the change and address them precisely. The organization then
created a short-term win which involved setting short-term goals to employees and rewarding
them if they achieve the goals. Then the organization should build on the change and finally
anchor the changes in the corporate culture to ensure that the company will never abandon the



Juvenile Crime and Justice. (2011). doi:10.4135/9781412994132
Lawrence, P. R. (2015). Leading change: How successful leaders approach change
management. London, United Kingdom: Kogan Page Limited.