History – The cold war
The cold war was a conflict that locked Russia, the United States and their
allies that started in 1946 after World War II. Both Russia and the United States were
allies and the fought together against the Axis powers. Orwell predicted a war of the
nation that was once untouchable and his essay of "peace that is no peace" come true
within a few months (Spielvogel, 2006). The study will outline the issues of the Cold
War and any speculations on whether the both nations can get back to the long
conflict leading to issues in the Cold War.
The confrontation of the Superpowers
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The relationship between the two nations was cold and the United States was
not at peace with the communist style. The United States was also worried by the
Russia leader Joseph Stalin's tyrannical and many kills involved in his leadership. For
the part of Russia, they were against the many decades of the American refusal to
view the Soviet Union as a integral part to be consulted on international matters and
the Americans late entry in the World War II which claims thousands of Russian
soldiers. Military strength and ideologies became the most important part of the two
nation. The American President Harry Truman request funding of Greece and
Turkey's economies that were struggling as an attempt to control the influence of the
Soviet Union referred to as Truman Doctrine (Spielvogel, 2006).
A journalist by the name of Walter Lippmann demonstrated the term “Cold
War” as a war of ideas between the communism and the capitalist. The expansion of
the Soviet Union in many Eastern Europe increased fears among the American as they
viewed it as a plan to gain control over the world. On the other hand, the Soviet Union
was against the arms set by the United States in the international relations interventional. American believed the use of “Containment Strategy” would work
best against the threats posed by the Soviet Union.
The two nations used propaganda to weaken each other, on the side of the
United State the took advantage of the well-established cinema industry to spread the
rumors to the public. Between 1948-1953 the United Nations had released over
seventy anti-communist films. The Soviet Union on their part took the advantage of
their advanced nuclear and space technology which they documented in their films.
The films released by both nations lacked the zeal of Cold War hence failing to be
successful propaganda in the war.
The Arms Race
Both the Soviet Union and the United States set off to an arms race
spearheaded by the satellites states in the rest of Europe. There were trillions of
dollars that were poured to ensure that each country could accumulate nuclear
weapons and be competitive in the space. By 1962, the two rivals had accumulated
missile defenses point at one another as a means of threatening the other (Spielvogel,
2006). During this time the "Cuban Missile Crisis" triggered the war too closely
fighting than any other time during the Cold War.
The current relations between the two nations is an indicator of the return of
the cold war. The multiple proxy fights in Korea, Vietnam and other armed conflicts
where Russia and the United States have either funded or been directly involved is a
clear indication of the conflict between the two nations. Despite the termination of the
Cold War ending in 1980s and fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, there is increased
tensions between the Western Nation and Russia commonly known as “Second Cold
Spielvogel, J. (2006). Western civilization. Southbank, Vic.: Thomson Learning